Signal variance-based collateral index in DSC perfusion: A novel method to assess leptomeningeal collateralization in acute ischaemic stroke
Klein, Johannes C
MetadataShow full item record
Signal variance-based collateral index in DSC perfusion: A novel method to assess leptomeningeal collateralization in acute ischaemic stroke. Alexander Seiler, Arne Lauer, Ralf Deichmann, Ralf Deichmann, Ulrike Nöth, Eva Herrmann, Joachim Berkefeld , Oliver C Singer, Waltraud Pfeilschier, Johannes C Klein, Marlies Wagner. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. First Published February 13, 2019
As a determinant of the progression rate of the ischaemic process in acute large-vessel stroke, the degree of collateralization is a strong predictor of the clinical outcome after reperfusion therapy and may influence clinical decision-making. Therefore, the assessment of leptomeningeal collateralization is of major importance. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a quantitative and observer-independent method for assessing leptomeningeal collateralization in acute large-vessel stroke based on signal variance characteristics in T2*-weighted dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion-weighted MR imaging (PWI). Voxels representing leptomeningeal collateral vessels were extracted according to the magnitude of signal variance in the PWI raw data time series in 55 patients with proximal large-artery occlusion and an intra-individual collateral vessel index (CVIPWI) was calculated. CVIPWI correlated significantly with the initial ischaemic core volume (rho = −0.459, p = 0.0001) and the PWI/DWI mismatch ratio (rho = 0.494, p = 0.0001) as an indicator of the amount of salvageable tissue. Furthermore, CVIPWI was significantly negatively correlated with NIHSS and mRS at discharge (rho = −0.341, p = 0.015 and rho = −0.305, p = 0.023). In multivariate logistic regression, CVIPWI was an independent predictor of favourable functional outcome (mRS 0–2) (OR = 16.39, 95% CI 1.42–188.7, p = 0.025). CVIPWI provides useful rater-independent information on the leptomeningeal collateral supply in acute stroke.
Publishede online at : https://doi.org/10.1177/0271678X19831024 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).